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In 2019, household disposable income in Latvia increased by 6.8%

Liene Āboliņa, Statistics Latvia, Riga, 22.12.2020.Print version
Results of the survey conducted by the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) in 2020 show that, compared to 2018, in 2019 household disposable income (1) increased by 6.8 %, reaching 583 euros per household member monthly.

Population income grew significantly slower than in previous years, when they rose by 11.7 % in 2018 and 11.8 % in 2017, respectively.


The highest income was in Riga, where they reached 690 EUR per one household member monthly. In Pierīga they reached 657 euros per household member a month, in Zemgale – 533 euros and in Kurzeme – 494 euros a month. The lowest income were in Vidzeme (479 euros monthly) and in Latgale (411 euros monthly). In urban areas income per one household member reached 614 euros monthly and in rural areas – 515 euros monthly.




In 2019, household income from labour per household member rose by 5.8 % – from 389 euros a month in 2018 to 412 euros a month in 2019. However, income from social transfers2 (pensions, allowances and other budgetary payments) per household member grew by 6.3 % (from 125 euros a month to 133 euros a month).


The share of income from labour amounted to 70.6 % of the total disposable income and the share of social transfers amounted to 22.8 %.




In 2019 income per household member in the poorest households (1st quintile group) comprised 203 euros monthly, but in the richest households (5th quintile group) – 1 290 euros monthly. In households with average income they fluctuated from 353 euros monthly (2nd quintile group) to 680 euros monthly (4th quintile group).


Household disposable income by quintile group3; 2010–2019 (on average per household member monthly; EUR)

 

 

Quintile group

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Income increase

in 2019, compared to 2018, %

1st

(poorest households)

97

105

112

125

135

150

154

162

186

203

9.5

2nd

194

199

209

228

245

257

266

285

320

353

10.4

3rd

257

260

272

295

317

340

360

401

444

483

8.8

4th

338

352

372

413

449

483

514

572

638

680

6.5

5th

(richest households)

620

681

701

780

847

896

942

1076

1213

1290

6.4

National average

286

305

320

354

387

417

437

489

546

583

6.8


As income of poorest (1st and 2nd quintile groups) households increased more rapidly, income inequality has slightly decreased. In 2019 income of richest population were 6.3 times higher than those of poorest population, which is 0.2 percentage points less than in 2018 when difference between this income was 6.5 times. Gini coefficient last year was 34.5 %, which is 0.7 percentage points less than in 2018 when it reached 35.2 %.


Income inequality indicators, 2010–2019

Indicator

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

Gini coefficient4 (%)

35.5

35.4

34.5

34.5

35.6

35.2

34.5

Quintile share ration (S80/S20)5

6.5

6.5

6.2

6.3

6.8

6.5

6.3


Compared to other European Union (EU) Member States6, the income inequality level in Latvia still remains high. According to the latest data, the Gini coefficient of Latvia was the fourth highest among EU Member States. In 2018, the coefficient was higher only in Bulgaria (40.8 %), Lithuania (35.4 %) and Romania (34.8 %); the average coefficient of EU amounted to 30.7 %. Also quintile share ratio was the fourth highest in the EU. Higher quintile share ratio in 2018 was in Bulgaria (8.1), Romania (7.1) and Lithuania (6.4), while the EU average amounted to 5.1.


Household disposable income data source: survey on income and living conditions conducted by the CSB in 2020 (EU-SILC – EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions), which was carried out from February 1 to August 24. Due to the emergency situation declared because of the spread of COVID-19, as of March 13 face-to-face interviews were terminated and surveys were carried out by telephone. The survey covered 6.1 thousand household and 11.1 thousand respondent aged 16 and over.


CSB will collect data on household disposable income in 2020 within the framework of the 2021 survey.


More information on the survey data is available in the CSB database section “Monetary poverty and income inequality indicators (EU-SILC survey)”.


Methodological explanations

1 Disposable (net) income is cash income from labour, employee income in kind received by using company car for private needs estimated in cash, income or losses received from self-employment, received pensions and benefits, regular material assistance from other households, profit from interests of deposits, dividends, shares, income received by children aged under 16, income from property rental, receipts from tax adjustments from the State Revenue Service (for business activities, eligible costs – education, medical treatment etc.).

2 Social transfers are pensions and benefits paid by the State or municipality, child maintenance payments, scholarships, social insurance benefits and compensations, including the ones paid by other countries.

3 A quintile group is one fifth (20 %) of the number of the surveyed households grouped in increasing sequence according to the disposable income per one household member. The bottom (first) quintile group includes one fifth of the households with the lowest income, while the top (fifth) quintile comprises one fifth of the households with the highest income level.

4 Gini coefficient characterises income inequality. It varies from 0 to 100. Gini coefficient amounts to 0 if there is absolute equality of income (i.e., all population has the same income), but the closer it gets to 100, the greater the inequality of income.

5 Quintile share ratio (S80/S20) is the ratio of total equivalised disposable income received by the 20 % of the country’s population with the highest equivalised disposable income (top quintile) to that received by the 20 % of the country’s population with the lowest equivalised disposable income (bottom quintile).

6 Eurostat indicators on the survey conducted in 2019 are available in the Eurostat database “Quintile share ratio”, “Gini coefficient”, while national data on the survey conducted in 2020 are available in the CSB database Social processes










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