Analytics, Baltic Export, Estonia, Foreign trade

International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Wednesday, 03.09.2014, 00:22

Exports of goods from Estonia decreased by 8% in May

Riina Kerner, Statistics Estonia, 12.07.2012.Print version
According to Statistics Estonia, in May 2012, exports of goods from Estonia decreased by 8% at current prices and imports to Estonia remained on the same level compared to May of the previous year. A small decrease in exports was also influenced by the record high basis in May of the previous year. Compared to April this year, the trade increased in May.

In May 2012, exports from Estonia amounted to 1 billion euros and imports to Estonia to 1.1 billion euros at current prices. The trade deficit was 113 million euros, which was nearly five times bigger compared to May 2011.

Compared to the previous month, exports continued on the positive trend – from the beginning of the year, exports have increased every month compared to the previous month (except April). In May the turnover of exports increased by 2%, of imports – 3%. A slight increase of exports turnover was mainly influenced by the increase in the dispatches of machinery and equipment and miscellaneous products (incl. furniture). The increase in the turnover of imports was mainly influenced by the increase in the arrivals of machinery and equipment and mineral fuels.

 

In Estonia’s exports in May, the biggest share was held by machinery and equipment (30% of Estonia’s total exports), followed by mineral fuels (incl. motor spirits, shale oils and electricity – 12%) and metals and products thereof (10%). The decrease in exports compared to May 2011 was mainly influenced by the decrease in the dispatches of mineral fuels by a half (down by 52%). A slight increase was mentioned in the dispatches of machinery and equipment (the growth rate 11%).

 

In May the biggest share of Estonia’s imports was held by machinery and equipment (28% of Estonia’s total imports), followed by mineral fuels (15%) and agricultural products and food preparations (10%). There was a significant decrease in the arrivals of mineral fuels (down by 17%) compared to May of the previous year. At the same time, the arrivals of machinery and equipment and raw materials and products of chemical industry increased slightly (by 5% and 13%, respectively).

 

The biggest share of commodities was exported to Finland and Sweden (to both countries, 16% of Estonia’s total exports) and Russia (12%). Compared to May 2011, the decrease in total exports was mostly influenced by the decrease in the dispatches to the USA and Germany (down by 74% and 11%, respectively). At the same time, the turnover of exports to Russia increased by 27%. Electrical equipment, wood and products of wood and furniture were the main commodities exported to Finland and Sweden, mechanical and electrical equipment and dyeing products to Russia.

 

The main countries of consignment were Finland (14% of Estonia’s total imports), Russia and Germany (11% both). Arrivals of goods from Poland and Lithuania decreased (down by 27% and 19%, respectively). But arrivals of goods from Russia and Finland increased (30% and 16%, respectively). Electrical equipment and fuels were the main commodities imported from Finland, fuels and wood and wood products from Russia, and transport equipment and electrical equipment from Germany.

 

According to the Estonian Institute of Economic Research, the economic sentiment indicator, which reflects Estonia’s entrepreneurs’ and consumers’ confidence, has also shown a positive trend in the first months of the year. But in May the indicator deteriorated. The same indicator improved in June in Estonia, but in Sweden and Finland it deteriorated.

 

Estonian trade by months, 2010–2012

 

Main foreign trade partners of Estonia, May 2012
Country of destination,
group of countries
Exports,
million euros
Share,
%
Change compared to
same month of
previous year, %
Country of consignment,
group of countries
Imports,
million euros
Share,
%
Change compared to
same month of
previous year, %
Total 1 034.5 100 -8 Total 1 147.2 100 0
EU27 701.8 68 2 EU27 872.4 76 0
EA17 300.5 29 -8 EA17 426.6 37 9
CIS 149.7 14 25 CIS 160.7 14 22
1. Finland 164.1 16 0 1. Finland 158.2 14 16
2. Sweden 164.0 16 7 2. Russia 123.4 11 30
3. Russia 119.8 12 27 3. Germany 122.7 11 -1
4. Latvia 83.1 8 15 4. Latvia 107.3 9 -11
5. Lithuania 65.1 6 39 5. Sweden 106.1 9 10
6. Germany 44.7 4 -11 6. Lithuania 74.4 6 -19
7. Norway 42.2 4 20 7. Poland 55.5 5 -27
8. United Kingdom 31.8 3 27 8. United Kingdom 45.3 4 1
9. USA 28.6 3 -74 9. Netherlands 42.3 4 17
10. Netherlands 26.0 3 56 10. China 42.0 4 -12

 

Exports and imports by commodity sections, May 2012
Commodity section by
Combined Nomenclature (CN)
Exports Imports Balance,
million euros
million
euros
share,
%
change compared to
same month of
previous year, %
million
euros
share,
%
change compared to
same month of
previous year, %
TOTAL 1 034.5 100 -8 1 147.2 100 0 -112.7
Agricultural products and food preparations (I–IV) 82.5 8 -2 114.4 10 -1 -31.9
Mineral products (V) 128.2 12 -52 174.3 15 -17 -46.1
Raw materials and products of chemical industry (VI) 47.4 5 0 89.2 8 13 -41.8
Articles of plastics and rubber (VII) 36.0 4 16 59.8 5 8 -23.8
Wood and products thereof (IX) 86.5 8 -6 34.6 3 15 51.9
Paper and articles thereof (X) 24.7 2 -11 20.4 2 3 4.3
Textiles and products thereof (XI) 26.4 3 -1 46.3 4 3 -19.9
Metals and products thereof (XV) 101.6 10 18 97.4 8 -8 4.2
Machinery and equipment (XVI) 305.3 30 11 317.9 28 5 -12.6
Transport equipment (XVII) 62.4 6 -1 114.2 10 3 -51.8
Miscellaneous manufactured articles (XX) 77.5 7 11 23.8 2 12 53.7
Other 56.0 5 10 54.9 5 11 1.1

 






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