Analytics, Foreign trade , Latvia, Statistics

International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Friday, 23.08.2019, 01:29

In June, Latvian foreign trade turnover was 10.3% lower than year before

Lilita Laganovska Foreign Trade Statistics Methodology, Analysis and Dissemination Section, 09.08.2019.Print version
Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in June 2019 foreign trade turnover of Latvia amounted to EUR 2.19 bn at current prices constituting 10.3% less than a year before, of which exports value of goods fell by 8.2% and imports value of goods by 11.9 %.

 In June, Latvia exported goods in the amount of EUR 982.9 bn and imported in the amount of EUR 1.21 bn.


During the first half of the year, Latvian foreign trade turnover at current prices reached EUR 13.83 bn – EUR 336.1 mln or 2.5% more than in the corresponding period of 2018. Exports value constituted EUR 6.18 bn (rise of EUR 20.6 mln or 0.3%), while imports value EUR 7.65 bn (increase of EUR 315.5 mln or 4.3%).




Calendar and seasonally adjusted data show that, compared to June 2018, in June 2019 exports value at current prices went down by 3.4% and imports value by 7.2%, whereas, compared to the previous month, exports value increased by 0.1% while imports value fell by 12.2%.


Main changes in exports in June 2019, compared to June 2018:

  • exports of prepared foodstuffs up by EUR 7.3 mln or 8.8%,
  • exports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment down by EUR 40.1 mln or 20%,
  • exports of basic metals and articles of basic metals down by EUR 20.8 mln or 20.4%,
  • exports of wood and articles of wood down by EUR 17.5 mln or 9%,
  • exports of vegetable products down by EUR 6.2 mln or 9%;

Main changes in imports in June 2019, compared to June 2018:

  • imports of mineral products down by EUR 17.8 mln or 13.5%.
  • imports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment down by EUR 79.2 mln or 25.2%,
  • imports of motor vehicles and parts and accessories thereof down by EUR 66.3 mln or 34.8%, 
  • imports of basic metals and articles of basic metals down by EUR 21.9 mln or 19.4%,
  • imports of wood and articles of wood down by EUR 6.7 mln or 12.8%,

In June, Lithuania (17.8 % of total exports), Estonia (12.5%), Germany (6.7%) and Sweden (6.6%) were the main export partners of Latvia in trade with the EU countries. Lithuania (18.4% of total imports), Germany (11.4%), Poland (9.4%) and Estonia (9.2%) were the main import partners. Russia was the main partner in trade with third countries; in June its share in the total Latvian exports accounted for 8.5% and in imports for 8.3%.






In June 2019, compared to June 2018, the share of the European Union countries in Latvian foreign trade grew – by 4.7 percentage points in the total exports value and by 5.9 percentage points in the imports value.  The share of CIS countries went up by 0.4 percentage points in exports and by 2.8 percentage points in imports.


Foreign trade of Latvia in June 2019 by country group
(at current prices)

 

Exports

Imports

 

million euros

% of total

changes as %, compared to June 2018

million euros

% of total

changes as %, compared to May 2018

Total

982.9

100

-8.2

1 208.8

100

-11.9

European Union countries

725.0

73.8

-1.9

960.1

79.4

-4.8

euro area countries

498.7

50.7

0.7

717.9

59.4

-5.6

CIS countries

125.6

12.8

-5.5

141.2

11.7

15.8

other countries

132.3

13.4

-33.2

107.5

8.9

-55.5


In June 2019, foreign trade balance of Latvia, as the exports value of goods exceeded the imports value of goods, was positive with 124 partner countries. It was negative in trade with 40 countries.




In June 2019, compared to June 2018, the increase in exports of mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation was affected by exports of liquefied natural gas amounting to EUR 5.9 mln (liquefied natural gas was not exported before). Exports of machinery and mechanical appliances, in turn, declined due to the lack of exports of turbojets, turbopropellers and other gas turbines (in June 2018, exports thereof amounted to EUR 36.6 mln).


Main commodities in exports of Latvia in June 2019
(at current prices)

 

thousand euros

% of total

Changes as %, compared to

June 2018

May 2019

average of previous 12 months

Total

982 941

100

-8.2

-8.0

-8.2

wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal

177.336

18.0

-9.0

-4.6

-9.5

electrical machinery and equipment

98 428

10.0

-4.7

-12.7

-10.5

machinery and mechanical appliances

62 129

6.3

-36.2

1.6

-20.3

vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

59 240

6.0

-0.05

-9.4

-1.0

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

50 904

5.2

0.7

-1.5

-8.1

beverages, spirits and vinegar

43 439

4.4

0.6

-12.0

-18.4

articles of iron or steel

35 532

3.6

-1.3

-10.7

0.7

cereals

34 594

3.5

-21.0

23.8

3.5

pharmaceutical products

34 554

3.5

-13.7

-10.6

-9.9

plastics and articles thereof

29 377

3.0

-6.7

-7.2

1.6


In June 2019, compared to June 2018, rise in imports of mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation was affected by the increase in imports of natural gas (in gaseous state) of EUR 27.8 mln or 4.3 times. Decline in imports of machinery and mechanical appliances, in turn, was mainly influenced by the reduction in imports of turbojets, turbopropellers and other gas turbines of EUR 64.8 mln or 99.8%.

 


 Main commodities in imports of Latvia in June 2019

(at current prices)

 

thousand euros

% of total

Changes as %, compared to

June 2018

May 2019

average of previous 12 months

Total

1 208 779

100

-11.9

-15.5

-10.9

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

145 600

12.0

15.6

7.7

6.0

electrical machinery and equipment

117 791

9.7

-1.2

-5.0

-13.1

vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

117 614

9.7

-4.8

-14.5

4.3

machinery and mechanical appliances

117 548

9.7

-39.8

-13.5

-19.4

beverages, spirits and vinegar

54 563

4.5

2.5

11.3

11.8

plastics and articles thereof

54 519

4.5

-3.8

-10.5

2.6

pharmaceutical products

48 938

4.0

-13.2

-4.3

-8.0

wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal

45 438

3.8

-13.0

-7.9

-9.4

articles of iron or steel

35 477

2.9

5.8

7.4

12.8

iron and steel

31 974

2.6

-39.3

-30.4

-40.7

 

 






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