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International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Wednesday, 21.08.2019, 17:09

In 2018, housing costs on average constituted EUR 150 monthly

Viktors Veretjanovs, Social Statistics Methodology Section, 08.03.2019.Print version
Data compiled by the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that in 2018 housing costs on average constituted EUR 150 per household monthly. Over the year, housing costs grew by 8.8 %. Last year, households spent on average 13.4 % of their disposable income on housing costs.

Households living in Pierīga on housing spent on average EUR 186 monthly, while in Riga EUR 173. In other regions these costs were lower: EUR 139 in Zemgale, EUR 125 in Kurzeme, EUR 124 in Vidzeme and EUR 98 monthly in Latgale. Housing costs cover the average expenditure on housing during both summer season with lower costs and heating season with higher costs.


Monthly housing costs of households by region; 2011–2018
(EUR)





The costs in households renting accommodation (at market price, for reduced or administratively regulated rent) constituted on average EUR 162 monthly. Households residing in Riga have notably higher housing costs – EUR 241 monthly.

Monthly housing costs and share thereof in household disposable income; 2011–2017


Housing costs

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

On average per household, EUR

126

127

134

136

142

140

138

150

On average per household member, EUR

51

53

55

57

59

58

59

65

Share in household disposable income*, %

17.9

17.2

17.3

16.1

15.2

14.0

13.5

13.4

* Housing costs of the reference period are compared with the household disposable income of the previous period.

 

In households consisting of couple with three or more children housing costs constituted 12.3% of the disposable income thereof and those of couple with two children – 12.7%. Housing costs in households consisting of one adult with children took 21.8% of the household disposable income. Single persons aged under 64 spent 18.5% of the disposable income on housing costs, whereas single elderly (aged over 65) spent notably higher share – 24.5%.


Household average housing costs by household type and size, 2018


Household type

Monthly housing costs, EUR

Share of housing costs in disposable income, %

Average number of household members

All households

150

13.4

2.3

single person aged 16–64

129

18.5

1.0

single person aged 65 and over

94

24.5

1.0

one adult with children

176

21.8

2.4

couple without children

140

12.2

2.0

couple with one child

225

13.1

3.0

couple with two children

237

12.7

4.0

couple with three and more children

245

12.3

5.2



In 2018, only 24.4% of households admitted that housing costs are not a burden at all, which is slightly more than in 2017 (20.2%). In 47.6% of the households it was somewhat a burden (46.9% in 2017), however, in 28.0% of the households it was a heavy burden (32.9% in 2017).


Last year, the largest share of households admitting that housing costs are a heavy burden was observed in Zemgale region – 36.4%. The lowest share of such households was recorded in Riga and Kurzeme – 22.3% and 23.5%, respectively.


The greatest difficulties to cover housing costs were observed in households consisting of single person aged over 65 and single parent families (one adult with children). Housing costs imposed a heavy burden to almost half (46.0%) of the households consisting of elderly people aged over 65 and to 35.6% of single-parent families. Among large families (couple with three and more children), 24.0% of the households admitted that housing costs impose a heavy burden, which is notably higher share, compared to the couples with two children (16.7%) and couples with one child (13.4%).


In 2018, 11.1% of the households due to financial difficulties have been in arrears during the last 12 months. The greatest share of such households was recorded among single-parent families (20.3%), couples with three and more children (19.7%), and households consisting of single person aged under 64 (16.2%). The smallest share of households that due to the financial difficulties have been in arrears during the last 12 months was observed among couples without children (6.3%) and households consisting of single persons aged over 65 (6.5%).


Housing cost burden in different types of households; 2018
(as per cent)




The housing costs include expenditures for utility payments, maintenance, real estate tax, rent (only for tenants), mortgage (only for people paying mortgage for their dwelling), insurance for the dwelling and other costs to be made in order to live in the dwelling. Expenses covered by household to provide extra comfort (e.g. payments for telephone bills, cable TV, Internet, etc.) are not included.

 







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