Analytics, Cargo, Latvia, Port, Statistics, Transport

International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Sunday, 21.07.2024, 10:25

Compared to 2018, in 2019 decrease recorded in freight transport

Vida Lukaševiča Transport and Tourism Statistics Section, 04.03.2020.Print version
Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) data show that 118 mln tons of the freight was carried in transport by land and pipeline in 2019, which is a drop of 10.7 mln tons (8.3 %) compared to 2018, when freight transport volume was the largest in the last five years. In 2019, freights transported to and from Latvian ports accounted for 62.4 mln tonnes, which is 5.7% less than in 2018, when freight transport volume also at ports was one of the largest in the last five years.

Transport by rail reduced by 15.8%, by road – by 3.8%.

41.5 mln tons of freights were carried in transport by rail, a decrease of 15.8% compared to 2018. National freights by rail rose to 1.7 mln tonnes – 25.2% more. In international traffic the volume of freights carried by rail reduced by 8.1 mill. tonnes or 16.9 %. Freight traffic by rail to/from ports of Latvia fell by 19.7 %, their share in international traffic comprised 79.5%.

73.8 mln tons of freights were carried in transport by road, a decrease of 3.8 % compared to 2018. 55.8 mln tons of national freights were carried, a drop of 4.7%. International freights accounted for 18 mln tonnes – 1% less, of which export freight transport rose by 0.7%, but import freight transport and cross-trade and cabotage in international road freights fell by 1.5%.

2.7 mln tons of oil products were transported by the oil products pipeline, a growth of 1.9%.

Freight traffic by land and pipeline transport

(million tonnes)







Changes of 2019 as % compared to 2018








rail transport







road transport







pipeline transport







Volume of freights carried at ports has reduced

In 2019, freight turnover at Riga port was 32.8 mln tonnes, 10.1% less than in 2018, 20.5 mln tonnes or 0.6% more – at Ventspils port, 7.3 mln tonnes or 2.7 % less – at Liepāja port, but 1.8 mln tonnes or 2.8% less – at minor ports.

There were 52.9 mln tonnes of freights shipped from ports, which was 7.3% less than a year before. Volume of main freights shipped reduced. 31.9% of freights loaded onto ships were comprised by coal. Its volume went down by 4 mln tonnes (19%). Oil products comprised one fifth (21.1%) of freights shipped, which reduced by 0.8 mln tonnes or 6.9 %. The volume of timber loaded decreased by 14.5%, of freights in containers – by 2.8%, of roll on/roll off – by 3.8%, of mineral fertilisers – by 11.4%, while shipping of grain and grain products rose by 14.4%.

9.5 mln tonnes of freight were unloaded at ports; the volume rose by 4%. The volume of unloaded oil products grew by 19.4%. Also, the volume of loaded freights in containers and roll on/ roll off increased slightly – by 0.5% and 0.6%, respectively.

Riga International Airport received and shipped 27.2 thousand tonnes of cargo, which was 3.6% more than a year ago.

Slight drop remained in the number of passengers carried by land transport

In 2019, 239.2 mln passengers were carried by land passenger transport, which was 1.3% less than in 2018.

The number of passengers carried by rail transport increased by 2.1%, the number of passengers carried by regular bus traffic lines remained at the level of the previous year (decrease of 0.4%), but the number of passengers carried by urban electrified transport reduced by 3.5%.

The number of passengers arrived at and departed from Latvian ports with ferries accounted for 1071.7 thousand, which is 0.8% more than in 2018.

There were 69.2 thousand passengers who arrived at the Riga Passenger Terminal via cruise ships – 7.5% less than in 2018.

In 2019, 7.8 mln passengers arrived at and departed from the Riga International Airport, which is 10.5% more than in 2018. The largest passenger turnover at the Riga International Airport was with German airports – 1 mln passengers or increase of 5.9%, Russian airports – 0.9 mln passengers or rise of 18.4% and British airports – 0.8 mln passengers or drop of 0.3%.

Search site