Editor's note

International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Monday, 15.07.2024, 16:54

The Baltics through a “common language” in Interreg

Eugene Eteris, BC International Editor, Copenhagen, 03.12.2020.Print version

The post-2020 EU’s territorial cooperation programs (known as “Interreg”) provide additional support for projects in the Baltics. With a budget of over € 8 billion, the 6th Interreg’s version will support cooperation between regions, citizens and economic entities in the states territories and maritime regions.

 The EU's long-term budget, coupled with the NextGenerationEU initiative, which is an important financial instrument (though temporary) designed to drive the recovery of the EU states, is going to be the largest stimulus package ever financed through the EU budget. A total of €1.8 trillion will help rebuild a post-coronavirus Europe towards greener, more digital and more resilient states. In the perspective recovery and resilience the new version of Interreg will play an important role. 


Interreg has a rather short history representing however a vital instrument in the EU’s integration process: since 1990, Interreg was developed as a Union’s initiative with an initial budget of about € 1 billion covering exclusively cross-border cooperation. Later, Interreg has been extended to transnational and interregional cooperation.

Recent legislative proposals (adopted in May 2018) concerning the European cohesion policy “after 2020” include key EU instruments supporting project funding cooperation among the EU states. Interreg in its redesign form aims at joint recovery measures facing common challenges and finding shared solutions in such sectors as health, environment, research, education, sustainable transport, energy and growth in general. See: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_18_3885


Main goals of the EU’s cohesion policy provide a framework of the EU-states’ cooperation in implementing joint actions among national, regional and local authorities in the EU states. The overarching objective of European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) is to promote a harmonious economic, social and territorial development in Europe; it is built around three strands of cooperation: cross-border (Interreg A), transnational (Interreg B) and interregional (Interreg C). Five programming periods of Interreg have succeeded each other:  INTERREG I (1990-93), INTERREG II (1994-99), INTERREG III (2000-06), INTERREG IV (2007-13) and INTERREG V (2014-20).

Facing the new stage of Union’s cohesion, the trilogies’ negotiations have been concluded among the EU institutions on the final legal texts, i.e. the Commission, the European Parliament and the Council in the beginning of December 2020.

Commissioner for Cohesion and Reforms, Elisa Ferreira underlined on the occasion of the draft, that the political agreement on the new Interreg facilitated cooperation of regions at external borders, “… addressing their specific development needs and contributing to a safer and more secure Europe”.




With a budget of over € 8 billion, the 6th generation of Interreg will support cooperation between regions, citizens and economic entities in the member states territories and maritime borders. The new Interreg-6 will also cover the cooperation between regions at transnational level in the framework of the macro-regional and sea-basin EU’s strategies: e.g. in the Baltic Sea, the Ionian-Adriatic seas, the Danube and Alps regions.

Interregional cooperation will also continue to promote exchange of expertise, good practices and capacity building through a dedicated set of programmes: Interreg Europe, Urbact, Interact and ESPON.


The main elements of new post-2020 Interreg include the following financial allocations: € 5, 8 bln for cross border cooperation; €1, 5 bln for transnational cooperation, € 490 million for interregional cooperation and € 280 million for outermost regions.

Specifically, new provisions on thematic concentration include supporting measures contributing to the achievement of the European Green Deal as well as measures falling under the European Social Fund Plus Regulation, well as between internal land borders. They also encourage new specific objectives under Interreg, aiming in particular to make Europe safer and more secure.

In the MFF-2027 on the directions including cohesion, resilience and values is allocated about € 427 billion.



More information in the following EU’s web-links: - Interreg - European Territorial Co-operation; - EU cohesion policy action against coronavirus; - Cohesion Open Data Platform and COVID-19 dashboard; - Recovery plan; - 2021-2027 long-term EU budget & Next Generation EU.



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