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International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Sunday, 24.10.2021, 03:50

Estonia: Passenger transport by road and rail increased over the year

BC, Tallinn, 09.03.2020.Print version
According to Statistics Estonia, Estonian transport enterprises served nearly 222 mln passengers in 2019, which is 6% more than the previous year. The carriage of passengers increased in road, rail and water transport, but decreased in air transport.

In 2019 compared to 2018, the number of passengers who used road transport grew by 7%. The majority were carried by bus – in total 203.3 million passengers, who mostly used urban transport, including trams and trolleybuses. Compared to the previous year, urban passenger transport increased by 2% (167.7 mln passengers), and there was a 42% increase in the number of passengers using county or municipal lines (24.7 mln passengers). Passengers numbered 3.9 mln on domestic highway lines and 1.6 million on international lines. The passenger traffic volume of road transport reached over 3.2 bn passenger-kilometres.

Estonian sea transport enterprises served over 9.5 mln passengers. Similarly to previous years, the majority of passengers were carried in international sea traffic. In domestic sea traffic, the number of passengers carried was 2.6 mln. The passenger traffic volume was 1.3 bn passenger-kilometres, of which international sea traffic accounted for 98%.

Passenger travel by rail also increased last year, reaching nearly 8.4 mln passengers. Around 8.3 mln were carried in domestic rail and 112,000 in international rail traffic. The passenger traffic volume of rail transport enterprises was 391.7 mln passenger-kilometres.

As Estonian air transport enterprises served less flights, the number of air passengers declined by 41%. The number of passengers carried on regular flights decreased by 58%, on charter flights by 12%. The passenger traffic volume of air transport enterprises fell to 1.3 bn passenger-kilometres.

Carriage of passengers, 2018 and 2019

Type of transport

Passengers carried, million

Passenger traffic volume, million pkm-s







Road transport



2 924.1

3 240.0


Sea transport



1 322.5

1 299.2


Rail transport






Air transport



1 548.3

1 267.8


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