Analytics, Foreign trade , Latvia, Statistics

International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Sunday, 18.11.2018, 10:50

Latvian exports of goods up 8.3% in 9 months

Lilita Laganovska, Foreign Trade Statistics Methodology, Analysis and Dissemination Section, 09.11.2018.Print version
Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau show that in September 2018 the foreign trade turnover of Latvia amounted to EUR 2.42 bln, which at current prices was 5.1% more than in September 2017, of which the exports value of goods was 1.0% lower, but imports value of goods was 10.3% higher. In September, Latvia exported goods in the amount of EUR 1.03 bln, but imported in the amount of EUR 1.38 bln. Compared to September 2017, foreign trade balance has worsened as exports in total foreign trade amount decreased from 45.4% to 42.8%.

Over the first nine months of this year, the foreign trade turnover of Latvia at current prices reached EUR 20.49 bln – EUR 1.75 bln or 9.3% more than in the corresponding period of 2017. The exports value constituted EUR 9.05 bln (an increase of EUR 695.0 mln or 8.3%), whereas the imports value – EUR 11.44 bln (an upturn of EUR 1.06 mln or 10.2%).




Calendar and seasonally adjusted data show that, compared to September 2017, in September 2018 the exports value at current prices went up by 4.5% and the imports value by 17.6%, whereas, compared to the previous month, the exports value decreased by 3.4%, but the imports value increased by 2.3%.

Main changes in exports in September 2018, compared to September 2017:

  • exports of wood and articles of wood up by EUR 26.7 mln or 17.7%,
  • exports of basic metals and articles of basic metals up by EUR 7.1 mln or 7.9%,
  • exports of vegetable products down by EUR 25.1 mln or 25.4%,
  • exports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment down by EUR 14.2 mln or 6.8%,
  • exports of live animals, animal products down by EUR 8.1 mln or 17.4%.

Main changes in imports in September 2018, compared to September 2017:

  • imports of mineral products up by EUR 38.7 mln or 24.2%,
  • imports of vehicles and associated transport equipment up by EUR 30.7 mln or 24.2%,
  • imports of machinery and mechanical appliances; electrical equipment up by EUR 23.8 mln or 9.2%,
  • imports of basic metals and articles of basic metals up by EUR 17.3 mln or 18.5%,
  • imports of plastics and articles thereof down by EUR 4.5 mln or 6.1%.

In September, the main export partners of Latvia in trade with EU countries were Lithuania (15.6% of total exports), Estonia (10.7%), Germany (7.4%) and Sweden (7.1%), whereas the main import partners were Lithuania (17.2% of total imports), Germany (9.4%), Poland (8.2%) and Estonia (6.8%).


The main partner in trade with third countries was Russia, share of which in total Latvian exports in September accounted for 9.1%, but in imports – for 12.4%.


Foreign trade of Latvia by country group in September 2018,
(at current prices)

 

Exports

Imports

 

million EUR

% of

total

changes as %, compared to September 2017

million EUR

% of

total

changes as %, compared to September 2017

Total

1 034.5

100

-1.0

1 383.6

100

10.3

European Union countries

726.6

70.2

2.4

943.6

68.2

-0.4

euro area countries

481.9

46.6

-2.7

701.1

50.7

-0.9

CIS countries

134.0

13.0

5.2

210.8

15.2

26.6

other countries

173.9

16.8

-16.6

229.2

16.6

63.2


Rise of exports of wood and wood products; wood charcoal in September 2018, as compared to September 2017, was affected by the increase in exports of round timber of EUR 9.4 mln or 91.2%. In turn, exports of machinery and mechanical appliances reduced, as exports of turbojets, turbopropellers and other gas turbines decreased by EUR 7.0 mln or 14.7%, but exports of vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof fell as exports of passenger cars reduced by EUR 7.7 mln or 37.4%.


Main commodities in exports of Latvia in September 2018
(at current prices)

 

thousand EUR

as % of

total

Changes as %, compared to

September 2017

August 2018

average of previous 12 months

Total

1 034 462

100

-1.0

-4.1

1.6

wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal

177 426

17.2

17.7

-13.2

0.3

electrical machinery and equipment

100 162

9.7

-4.8

-5.8

-1.6

machinery and mechanical appliances

94 033

9.1

-8.9

-7.1

15.9

beverages, spirits and vinegar

62 761

6.1

3.8

-1.5

19.1

cereals

49 110

4.7

-3.8

85.9

34.2

vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

48 347

4.7

-8.3

-11.1

-16.5

iron and steel

42 824

4.1

12.6

3.5

6.0

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

39 551

3.8

-4.0

-3.4

-4.4

pharmaceutical products

36 076

3.5

11.5

30.0

2.1

articles of iron and steel

34 231

3.3

4.3

-4.6

2.9


Rise of imports in commodity group "aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof” in September 2018, compared to September 2017, was affected by purchase of aircrafts – increase of EUR 45.1 mln or 3.5 times, but imports of iron and steel grew as imports of flat rolled products of iron and steel rose by EUR 17.1 mln or 94.5%. In turn, decline in imports of passenger cars by EUR 10.9 mln or by 23.1% significantly influenced the total imports of vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof.


Main commodities in imports of Latvia in September 2018
(at current prices)

 

thousand EUR

as % of

total

Changes as %, compared to

September 2017

August 2018

average of previous 12 months

Total

1 383 592

100

10.3

-6.1

10.9

mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation

192 015

13.9

24.2

-18.6

72.8

machinery and mechanical appliances

143 082

10.3

10.3

-2.7

-2.9

electrical machinery and equipment

140 620

10.2

8.1

6.6

8.7

vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof

91 252

6.6

-12.7

17.7

-15.0

aircraft, spacecraft and parts thereof

65 167

4.7

3.2 times

0.1

2.5 times

iron and steel

58 241

4.2

44.7

3.2

13.4

beverages, spirits and vinegar

56 980

4.1

-0.3

-12.4

14.2

plastics and articles thereof

49 835

3.6

-3.2

-8.6

-3.3

wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal

48 686

3.5

24.2

-1.9

8.8

pharmaceutical products

48 035

3.5

-1.5

-7.8

-4.6







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