Agriculture, Analytics, Latvia, Statistics

International Internet Magazine. Baltic States news & analytics Monday, 27.02.2017, 07:00

Cereal cropland in Latvia increased significantly – by 6.5 %

BC, Riga, 17.02.2017.Print version
Provisional data of the Central Statistical Bureau (CSB) show that 716.0 thousand hectares of land were covered with cereals in 2016 – 43.6 thousand hectares or 6.5 % more than in 2015, leading to the largest cereal cropland area observed since 1984. Harvested production of grain has diminished; half of the harvested winter wheat were produced in Zemgale

Due to unfavourable meteorological conditions, the average yield per one hectare fell from 44.9 quintals in 2015 to 37.8 quintals in 2016. Regardless the fact that the second highest yield in the history of Latvia and significantly wider sown areas were reached, in 2016 the total harvested production of grain constituted 2.7 mln tons, which is 0.3 mln tons or 10.5 % less than in 2015, when the record production –3 mln tons – was harvested.


The harvested production of grain was influenced by higher proportion of winter wheat in the total sown area of cereals as well as in the total harvest production of grain – increase from 43.2% in 2015 to 46.1% in 2016 and from 53.1% in 2015 to 58.6% in 2016, respectively. The average yield of winter wheat per one hectare comprised 48.0 quintals (55.3 quintals in 2015).


In 2016, the average yield in agricultural holdings the cereal cropland in which exceeded 300 hectares (45% of the total cereal cropland in the country) reached 45.0 quintals per hectare, harvesting 54% of the total national grain production. 


The average yield of grain in agricultural holdings the sown areas of winter wheat in which exceeded 300 hectares (43% of the total winter wheat area) constituted 55.1 quintals per one hectare, producing half of the total harvested winter wheat. Out of the total harvested production of winter wheat, 45% were harvested in Zemgale, where the average yield thereof amounted to 55.5 quintals per 1 ha.


Decline in grain purchase and purchase price


In 2016, totally 2351.1 thousand tons of grain were purchased – 213.7 thousand tons or 8.3% less than in 2015. Decline in the grain prices in the world commodity exchange as well as the fact that the bulk of the purchased grain met only the fodder quality requirements led to the decline in average purchase price of grain by 7.8%, as compared to 2015.



In 2016, cereal cropland increased significantly – by 6.5 %

In 2016, cereal cropland increased significantly – by 6.5 %

 

In 2016, wheat constituted 83.7% of the total volume of grain purchased (80.5% in 2015), 47.4% of which met the food quality requirements (62.8% in 2015). The volume of purchased rye reduced by 64.8 thousand tons or 53.7%, also the share thereof in the total volume of rye purchased fell from 75.6% in 2015 to 50.0% in 2016.


Harvested production, purchase and average purchase price of grain

 

Yield of rape and potatoes declined; vegetable yield increased


Compared to 2015, in 2016 the sown area of rape increased by 12.1 thousand hectares or 13.6%, however, as the average rape yield diminished from 32.9 quintals in 2015 to 27.8 quintals in 2016, the total yield of rape seeds decreased by 11.4 thousand tons or 3.9%.


The sown areas of pulses continue to grow. In 2016, the total area of pulses increased by 32.1%, of which the area of field beans rose by 5.4 thousand hectares or 20.9%. The increase was encouraged by the introduction of a new support payment for climate- and environment-friendly farming practices or agricultural greening.


In 2016, plantation areas and harvested production of potatoes reduced by 6.1% and 1. %, respectively, while the average yield thereof per one hectare grew by 5.2%. 


Last year, 196.6 thousand tons of vegetables were grown, and it is 1.8 thousand tons or 0.9% more than in 2015. The area and yield of open field vegetables rose by 0.6%, whereas the average yield thereof remained that same as in 2015 – 225 quintals per hectare. The volume of vegetables produced in greenhouses amounted to 13.6 thousand tons – 5.4% more than in 2015.


Sown areas of agricultural crops, thsd ha


 

2015

20161

Changes, % (2016/2015)

Total sown area

1168.8

1243.9

6.4

Cereals

672.4

716.0

6.5

    Winter cereals

338.9

377.5

11.4

      wheat

290.6

329.9

13.5

      rye

37.4

36.3

-3.0

      barley

3.2

2.0

-37.9

      triticale

7.7

9.3

20.5

    Spring cereals

333.5

338.5

1.5

      wheat     

157.6

153.0

-2.9

      barley

96.4

94.1

-2.4

      oat

60.3

64.6

7.1

      buckwheat

10.5

17.9

70.8

Rape

89.0

101.1

13.6

Potatoes

24.8

23.3

-6.1

Vegetables (open field)

8.1

8.1

0.6

 


Harvested production and average yield of agricultural crops


 

Harvested production, thsd t

Average yield, quintals  per 1 ha

 

2015

20161

Changes, % (2016/2015)

2015

20161

Cereals

3021.5

2703.2

-10.5

44.9

37.8

    Winter cereals

1813.7

1765.0

-2.7

53.5

46.8

      wheat

1605.7

1582.8

-1.4

55.3

48.0

      rye

159.6

140.9

-11.7

42.7

38.8

      barley

16.7

9.7

-41.9

51.8

48.5

      triticale

31.7

31.6

-0.4

41.4

34.2

    Spring cereals

1207.8

938.2

-22.3

36.2

27.7

      wheat     

644.4

479.5

-25.6

40.9

31.3

      barley

368.4

273.5

-25.8

38.2

29.1

      oat

160.4

146.1

-8.9

26.6

22.6

      buckwheat

9.8

19.1

95.3

9.4

10.7

Rape

292.7

281.3

-3.9

32.9

27.8

Potatoes

497.3

491.6

-1.2

201

211

Vegetables

194.8

196.6

0.9

225

225







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